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Women’s Health and Gynecology

Gynecology is a specialization of medicine dealing with women’s health specifically involving the anatomy and physiology of the female reproductive system, that includes the vagina, uterus ovaries and the breasts, along with its diagnosis, treatment and management. Gynecology and obstetrics overlap, wherein obstetricians deals with the care and management of maternal health involving childbirth. Gynecology involves medical and surgical intervention, wherein gynecological illnesses require hormonal and pharmacological management.

Some of the conditions that gynecologist deal with are infections and cancer of the ovaries, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, vagina and vulva, dysmenorrhea, amenorrhea, urine incontinence, infertility, menorrhagia, pelvic organ prolapse, and uterus and other vaginal diseases. Gynecologist perform different diagnostic and therapeutic procedures such as hysterectomy, removal of ovary and uterus, uterine cone biopsies, colposcopy, hysteroscopy, ultrasound of reproductive organs, Pap smears, laparoscopy, diagnosis and treatment of sexually transmitted diseases, urinary incontinence, and menstrual problems.

One of the popular screening procedures done by gynecologists is Pap smear, wherein it determines the presence of cervical precancerous or cancerous cells in the uterine opening. Pap test does not hurt, but it might be uncomfortable. Pap test is highly recommended for all women who are sexually active and those over age 18 regardless if they are sexually active or not. It is advisable to undergo Pap smear every year, though risk factors, age and past Pap smear results may vary the frequency.
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Hysterectomy is a surgical procedure that removes the uterus and cervix, which is one of the main options for treating cancer of the ovaries, cervix, uterus or endometrium. Hysterectomy has two types namely, partial hysterectomy and complete hysterectomy. A laparoscopic hysterectomy usually require two to three days hospital stay, with a recovery period of one to two weeks, whereas an abdominal hysterectomy may take a longer time because the recovery is usually four to six weeks.
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Dysmenorrhea refers to painful cramps that occur right before or during menstruation. It is one of the most common cause why women seek for medical consultation. There are two types of dysmenorrhea namely primary and secondary dysmenorrhea, wherein primary dysmenorrhea usually occurs on the onset of menstruation that lasts one to three days, whereas secondary dysmenorrhea is a pain caused by disorders of the reproductive system.

A woman’s reproductive system is vast and complex, and only an expert gynecologist can rule out diseases or disorders that cause a particular gynecological symptom. If you have problems with your reproductive system, do not hesitate to consult the expertise of a gynecologist to help you with the diagnosis and treatment uniquely for you. Every gynecologist aims to help women preserve their health, specifically their reproductive system, and find ways to treat reproductive system diseases and disorders through medical and surgical intervention.