Buying a property in Portugal is exciting, but no matter if you’re thinking of a holiday home or a permanent abode, you need to take each stage of the process seriously. Of course, paperwork will be part of the picture.
As in all countries around the globe, acquiring a real estate property in Portugal requires a number of documents. These papers mainly serve to identify the property and confirm the legitimacy of the owner and the buyer.
the following is a list of documents you must submit to authorities when you purchase a property in Portugal:
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1. Land Registry Certificate
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The land registry provides information on the composition of a particular building, the seller’s legitimacy, and the encumbrances – mortgages, collateral, and so on – that may be involved. Below are the different ways a land registry certificate (hard copy or digital) can may be requested:
> Personally at any land registry office
This is where you will find complete descriptions of properties. A permanent land record certificate and simplified land information may be obtained from this office.
2. Title Certificate
This document is available at any tax office. It has information regarding the property’s tax situation and can identify the entity that must meet fiscal obligations in relation to the property. Title certificates are available through the tax authority website. A title search of an article in the land registry – instead of a title certificate – is allowed but only for one year.
3. Usage License
The Usage License is there to certify the property’s intended use, and that it is appropriate for that purpose. Providing this license is the City Council of the district where the property being sold is located. Proof of the license request may be submitted, however, together with the purchase agreement if the license is still being processed.
4. Housing Technical Datasheet
The Housing Technical Datasheet contains the essential technical and functional characteristics of a certain property. Again, it is to be requested directly from the City Council of the district where that property is.
5. Energy Certificate
This should be submitted by the property, together with the purchase agreement.
6. Proof of Previous Municipal Tax on Property Transactions Payment Involving Substantial Consideration
7. Photocopies of the ID and Taxpayer Cards of Buyer and Seller
8. Power of Attorney (for any party who is represented by a proxy)
When the property for sale is classified, pending classification or found in a protected area the so-called legal pre-emption right may apply as exercised by the City Council or the Directorate General of Cultural Heritage.
In this scenario, it is important that proof is provided that the City Council or the Directorate General of Cultural Heritage has put aside their legal pre-emption right.